How Valorant Works: An In-Depth Guide for New Players

Jun 20, 2024 | 0 comments

Valorant, developed by Riot Games, has quickly become a prominent title in the esports world since its release in 2020. This first-person shooter (FPS) game combines tactical gameplay with unique character abilities, offering a fresh experience in the genre. Understanding how Valorant works is essential for new players aiming to excel in the game. This guide covers everything from gameplay mechanics to agent roles and weapons. Learn how Valorant works with our comprehensive beginner’s guide. Understand gameplay mechanics, agent roles, and strategies to excel.

Introduction to Valorant

Valorant is a tactical FPS game where two teams of five players compete to complete objectives or eliminate the opposing team. Each match is divided into rounds, and the first team to win 13 rounds emerges victorious. Players choose from a roster of agents, each with unique abilities that can turn the tide of battle.

How Valorant Works: Gameplay Mechanics

Agents and Their Roles

In Valorant, players select agents with distinct abilities and roles. These roles are crucial for team composition and strategy.


Duelists are the primary damage dealers in Valorant. They are designed to engage the enemy and secure kills. Popular duelists include Jett, Reyna, and Phoenix.


Controllers manipulate the battlefield by blocking enemy vision and controlling key areas. Agents like Astra, Brimstone, Omen, and Viper excel in this role.


Initiators are tasked with disrupting enemy positions and creating opportunities for their team. Sova, Breach, and Fade are notable initiators.


Sentinels focus on defense, providing support and intelligence to their team. Sage, Killjoy, and Chamber are prime examples of sentinel agents.

Round Structure

Each round in Valorant begins with a buy phase, allowing players to purchase weapons and abilities. The game features two main phases: attacking and defending.


Attackers aim to plant a spike (bomb) at designated sites and defend it until detonation. Successfully planting and defending the spike or eliminating all defenders secures the round.


Defenders must prevent the spike from being planted or defuse it if it has been planted. Eliminating all attackers also results in a win for the defending team.

Game Modes

Valorant offers various game modes to keep the gameplay experience dynamic and exciting.

Standard Mode

The standard mode consists of a best-of-25 format, where teams switch sides after 12 rounds. The first team to win 13 rounds wins the match.


In Replication mode, all players on a team use the same agent, leading to unique and chaotic matches. This mode lasts for nine rounds.

Spike Rush

Spike Rush is a shorter mode where rounds are faster, and each player starts with a random weapon. The first team to win four rounds wins the match.


Deathmatch is a practice mode focused on improving gunplay mechanics. Players respawn immediately after being killed, and the first to achieve 40 kills wins.


Escalation is a 5v5 mode where teams progress through a series of weapons and abilities. The first team to reach level 12 or the highest level within 10 minutes wins.

Weapons and Economy

Valorant’s economy system plays a vital role in the gameplay. Winning rounds grants credits, which players use to buy weapons, shields, and abilities. Managing resources effectively is key to maintaining an advantage over the enemy.

Weapon Categories


Sidearms are secondary weapons, useful when the primary weapon is out of ammo. Examples include the Classic, Shorty, Frenzy, Ghost, and Sheriff.

Submachine Guns (SMGs)

SMGs like the Stinger and Spectre are known for their rapid fire rates and close-range effectiveness.


Rifles such as the Vandal, Phantom, Bulldog, and Guardian offer high damage and accuracy over various ranges.

Sniper Rifles

Sniper rifles, including the Marshal and Operator, are designed for long-range engagements and can eliminate enemies with a single shot.

Heavy Weapons

Heavy weapons like the Ares and Odin deliver immense firepower, suitable for suppressing enemies and controlling areas.


Shotguns, such as the Bucky and Judge, are lethal in close-quarters combat.

Maps and Strategies

Valorant features multiple maps, each with unique layouts and strategic opportunities. Understanding map layouts and utilizing agents’ abilities effectively are crucial for gaining an edge in matches.

Map Knowledge

Learning the maps, including common chokepoints and spike sites, can significantly improve gameplay. Players should familiarize themselves with callouts and coordinate with their team to control key areas.

Valorant Ranking System

Valorant’s ranking system places players in skill-based tiers, ensuring fair and competitive matches. Ranks range from Iron to Radiant, with players advancing through ranks based on their performance in matches.

Ranking Tiers

  • Iron
  • Bronze
  • Silver
  • Gold
  • Platinum
  • Diamond
  • Ascendant
  • Immortal
  • Radiant

Players must consistently perform well to climb the ranks, with higher ranks demanding greater skill and teamwork.

Tips for New Players

Becoming proficient in Valorant requires practice and strategic thinking. Here are some tips to help new players improve:

Choose Your Agent Wisely

Select agents that complement your playstyle and strengths. Experiment with different roles to find what suits you best.

Communicate with Your Team

Effective communication is crucial in Valorant. Coordinate with your team to execute strategies and call out enemy positions.

Practice Regularly

Regular practice, including aim training and playing different agents, helps improve overall gameplay.

Take It Slow

Avoid rushing into engagements. Take your time to aim accurately and use cover effectively.

Optimize Your Loadout

Experiment with different weapons to find what works best for you. Adapt your loadout based on the situation and your team’s needs.

Valorant offers a rich and engaging experience for both casual and competitive players. By understanding how Valorant works and practicing regularly, new players can quickly improve their skills and enjoy the game to its fullest.


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